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- B.S. Physics, 1969, Geneva College
- M.Div., 1973, Reformed Presbyterian Theological Seminary
- M.S.L.S. Library Science, 1974, Clarion University
- S.T.M. Historical Theology, 1983, Concordia Seminary
- Th.D. Systematic Theology, 1987, Concordia Seminary
- Presented a talk and demonstration “Macros for Voyager Cataloging” at the Keystone Library Catalogers meeting, October 11, 2007.
- Presented part of a seminar titled “How to Do Authority Control” at a State System of Higher Education Libraries Cooperative Meeting, March 22, 2007. My part was to share computer macros I wrote to speed up the process.
- Presented “The Bible on Truth,” at a faculty luncheon on November 8, 2005.
- Presented “Liberty of Conscience in the Westminster Confession,” at a faculty luncheon on April 13, 2004.
- Presented a paper on “Liberty of Conscience in the Westminster Confession,” March 26, 2004 at the Eastern Regional Evangelical Theological Society Meeting. Scott Shidemantle and I took four students to this meeting, two of which gave papers at the meeting.
- Round table speaker at a discussion on Values in Libraries at the June 11-14, 2001 meeting of the Association of Christian Librarians. I also led two lunch time discussions on Christianity and Librarianship.
- "An Overview of the History, Scope and Doctrine of the Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America," in Peter Lippincott, Psalm Singing of the Covenanters (University City, MO, 1979).
- How to Find Information in the Seminary Library: Reference Guides for Theological Students. St. Louis: Concordia Seminary, 1985.
- "The Installation of CD-ROM Indexes in a Liberal Arts College," in On-Cue: The Newsletter of the Consortium for Computing in Undergraduate Education, Vol. 3, no. 6 (January 1990), pages 2 and 9.
- "The Retrospective Conversion of the Geneva College Catalog," in On-Cue: The Newsletter for the Consortium for Computing in Undergraduate Education, Vol. 3, no 8 (April 1990), pages 9 and 11.
- "How to Build a High Quality Cataloging Database through a Retrospective Conversion Project," in Information Today: The Newspaper for Users and Producers of Electronic Information Services, Vol. 7, no. 11 (December 1990), pages 28-29.
- (Book review of) "The Humiliation of the Word by Jacques Ellul," in Semper Reformanda, Vol. 1, no. 2 (Summer 1992), pages 90-92.
- "Inerrancy, Infallibility, and Scripture in the Westminster Confession of Faith," in The Westminster Theological Journal, Vol. 54, no. 2 (Fall 1992), pages 349-355.; I wrote a summary of this article for Semper Reformanda, Vol. 3, no. 3 (Fall 1994), pages, 162-164. Abstract: In his book, Scripture in the Westminister Confession, Jack Rogers stated the Westminster Confession taught that the Bible was infallible, but not inerrant. By using the Oxford English Dictionary, this paper showed that the word “inerrant” was not used in the seventeenth century. It was also shown from Rogers sources that the word infallible meant inerrant at the time of the Confession.
- "Action Exchange," in American Libraries, Vol. 23. no. 10 (Nov. 1992), page 869. (This is a question and answer column for librarians published by the American Library Association. They accepted my answer for one question.)
- "The Defense of the Regulative Principle of Worship by the Authors of the Westminster Confession," in Semper Reformanda, Vol. 2, no. 1 (Spring 1993), pages 34-53. A longer form of this article was published in The Westminster Theological Journal, Vol. 58, no. 2, (Fall 1996), pages 237-256. Abstract: Using original sources, the author showed how the Puritans and Presbyterians defended the regulative principle of worship against the Anglicans. The most frequently used argument was from the doctrine of Liberty of Conscience. Other arguments included the sufficiency of Scripture, apostolic practice, the second commandment, and the argument from uniformity.
- (Book review of) "The Lord Protector: Religion and Politics in the Life of Oliver Cromwell by Robert Paul," in Semper Reformanda, Vol. 3, no. 1 (Spring 1994), pages 42-47.
- "The Biblical Concept of Remembrance and Some of Its Implications for Library Science," in The Christian Librarian, Vol. 37, no. 4 (August 1994), pages 99-103. An expanded version of this article was published in Semper Reformanda, Vol. 4, no. 3 (Fall 1995), pages 92-105, and in Vol. 5, no. 1 (Winter 1996), pages 17-22. Abstract: In this paper the Old Testament concept of remembrance is reviewed and applied to the concept of and practices of librarianship. Remembrance goes beyond a mere listing of events. It is a means to show God’s past actions in history in a way that builds faith in today’s believers. Remembrance has several implications for history which also relate to libraries. Libraries play a major role in the memorializing the work of the Lord of history by serving as acquisition, storage and circulation sources for Christian and secular literature. They also serve by acquiring and preserving the original sources that are so important in writing church and secular histories that show God’s work in history.
- "Some Hermeneutical Methods in the Westminster Standards," in Premise, Vol. II, no. 9 (Oct. 19, 1995). This is an online journal. This article was also chosen for publication in a collection of papers presented at the 1994 national Evangelical Theological Society meeting in Evangelical Hermeneutics, edited by Michael Bauman and David Hall and published in 1995 by Christian Publications in Camp Hill, Pa. Abstract: The Westminster Confession assumes and teaches some methods of biblical interpretation. The Confession teaches that the “good and necessary” implications of Scripture are equally binding with the direct statements of the Bible. The Confession also rejects allegorical interpretation, finds reason useful within limits, states that the only infallible interpreter of the Bible is the Bible, and the role of the Holy Spirit speaking in Scripture.
- "Multiculturalism and Libraries: a Biblical Perspective," The Christian Librarian, Vol. 39, no. 2 (April 1996), pages 50-54 and 59. I used some material from this paper for a seminar at the Association of Christian Schools International convention on Oct. 17 and 18, 1996. Abstract: In this essay multiculturalism is defined and evaluated in a biblical context. The biblical history of multiculturalism begins with divisions at Babel and is reversed by Christ at Pentecost. Jesus produces a people who do good works through the body of Christ. This essay also evaluates some implications of multiculturalism such as equal opportunities for all, the learning of foreign languages, the power struggle philosophy, the acceptance of sinful lifestyles and the insistence that representation of groups is a better method of selecting employees than by use of an individual’s accomplishments.
- “Some Implications of a Written Revelation for the Work of Libraries,” The Christian Librarian, Vol. 40, no. 1 (January 1997), pages 11-15. (This was the cover article.) Abstract: There is evidence in Scripture that Christianity is a religion of the intellect. In keeping with the characteristics of mankind, God gave us a written revelation, a revelation which has many attributes of Jesus Christ. Neil Postman’s book, Amusing Ourselves to Death, establishes writing as superior to other media for truth-telling. Postman’s critique clarifies the influences of various media on American society. Several implications for libraries are drawn from Postman’s appraisal.
- “Wisdom Literature and Some of Its implications for Selecting Library Materials,” The Christian Librarian, Vol. 41, no. 2 (April 1998), pages 34-3. Reprinted in Semper Reformanda, Vol. 8, no. 1 (Spring 1999), pages 3-12. Abstract: This essay gives a background concerning the wisdom literature of the Bible and uses it to compile a list of subjects to guide librarians in selecting materials. The essay discusses the assumptions behind and goals of the wisdom literature. Since wisdom can be learned, librarians have a responsibility to have books that teach the various aspects of wisdom in their collections. Some subjects found in wisdom include emotional intelligence, domestic and mechanical skills, business skills, character development and ways of avoiding evil. Librarians are encouraged to study the wisdom literature to find subjects helpful to their collections.
- “The Biblical Doctrine of Service and Some Implication for Librarians,” in The Christian Librarian, Vol. 42, no. 1 (January 1999), pages 5-9, 14. Abstract: Selfishness is a leading motive in public and private life. Libraries, historically noted for service, now face pressures which challenge that commitment. An examination of relevant words in the Bible reveals a personal depth and public breadth of service which is definitive for the church. The implications for libraries are noted.
- “The Christian View of Vocation for Librarians,” in The Christian Librarian, Vol. 43, no. 1 (January 2000), pages 16-21. Abstract: After a discussion of the present vocational crisis, the author defines vocation, and then discusses the history and theology of vocation in the West. After a discussion of errors in vocational thinking, the author applies the theology of vocation to librarians. God delegates to librarians the responsibility to do excellent work, organize to affect the direction of our profession, and mentor new librarians.
- “What Constitutes Proof in Theology,” in Semper Reformanda, Vol. 10, No. 1 (Spring 2001), pages 46-49.
- “A Biblical View of Library Administration,” in The Christian Librarian, Vol. 44, no. 1 (January 2001), pages 13-19. Abstract: The Bible teaches many truths about administration. Ones discussed in this article are corporate versus individual administration, the traits of an administrator, listening, learning from our mistakes, planning including the effect of sin upon our plans.“Virtues or Values? Behind the Controversy,” in The Christian Librarian, Vol. 44, no. 3 (2001) pages 92-93.
- “Multiculturalism and Libraries: A Biblical Perspective,” in Christian Librarianship: Essays on the Integration of Faith, ed. by Gregory A. Smith (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2002), p. 100-109. This was reprinted from The Christian Librarian article above.)“Reforming Geneva: The Need for a Clear Identity,” in Pro Christo, Vol. 1, No. 3 (Spring 2002), p. 30-32.
- “Liberty of Conscience in the Westminster Confession,” in Semper Reformanda, Vol. 11, No. 1-2 (Spring-Winter 2002), p. 27-52. Abstract: What protection does God give church members from church bureaucrats? This article examines the solution of the Westminster Assembly to this question, liberty of conscience. Liberty of conscience is set in it historical context, defined, and show to be a useful in developing and protecting essential (biblical) Christianity from cultural Christianity, and laity from teachings practices not found in the Bible.
- “Truth and the Professor as a Christian Soldier.” was published in a 2005 issue of Semper Reformanda.
- “Reading, Writing and Power,” in The Christian Librarian, Vol. 49, no. 2 (2006) p. 117-121. (The editor requested this paper for its 50th anniversary issue in 2006.) Abstract: The article’s goal is to introduce the relationship between reading, writing and power. We live in a postmodern society where some people doubt whether truth is knowable. I will show that the power of the written word is great enough so that receptive readers can overcome the barriers against understanding it as the author meant it, and therefore reading can teach the truth. Obviously, this statement will be qualified. While this article centers on power, power is inseparable from other traits of literature. Since the biblical term “Word” often refers to both the spoken and written word, much of this article applies to both forms.
- "Liberty Of Conscience In The Westminster Confession And Its Application To Modern Worship Wars," in The Confessional Presbyterian, Volume 2 (2006) p. 43-60. Abstract: This is an expansion of my 2002 Semper Reformanda article with specific application to worship.
Articles that Have Cited My Writing
- Frank J. Smith and Chris Coldwell, “The Regulative Principle of Worship: Sixty Years in Reformed Literature,” in The Confessional Presbyterian, Volume 2 (2006) p. 89-164. This article cited me 3 times (2 from publications and 1 from an e-mail).
- Gregory A. Smith, “A Philosophy of Christian Librarianship,” in The Christian Librarian, Vol. 43, no. 2 (2000) p. 46-51+.
Awards & Distinctions Received
- In 1996, Reed Reference Electronic Publishing awarded the McCartney Library a $500 credit for my story of a creative use of the Books in Print CD database.